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शनिवार, 31 अक्तूबर 2020

यदि आप सरकारी परीक्षा की तैयारी करते हैतो उसमें  सफलता के लिए शब्दों पर विशेष पकड़ आवश्यक होती है। 'शब्दावली (Vocabulary)' प्रत्येक परीक्षा में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाता है। कई बैंकिंग और सरकारी परीक्षाएंजैसे कि IBPS PO, क्लर्कIBPS RRB, SSC, CGL, CPO, CHSL, Stenographer, MTS,  राज्य स्तरीय परीक्षाअन्य परीक्षाएं आदि हैं और कई परीक्षा ऐसी हैजिसमें अभ्यर्थियों से निबंध लेखन और Synonyms तथा Antonym से संबंधित प्रश्न पूछे जाते है। इसको ध्यान में रखते हुए हम यहाँ आपको दैनिक आधार पर द हिंदू 'शब्दावली (Vocabulary)'  में 10 नए शब्द तथा Synonyms और Antonym के साथ बता रहे है। प्रदान करते हैं जो आपको आगामी परीक्षाओं में लाभान्वित करेंगे। 

The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary
Editorial with Vocabulary, English Vocab

Terror in Nice: On French church attacks

 

The knife attack in the southern French city of Nice on Thursday that killed three people and injured many more has left the country, which has barely recovered from the beheading of a schoolteacher in a Paris suburb by an 18-year-old Chechen two weeks ago, in shock and pain. The suspected Nice attacker, a 21-year-old Tunisian who is now in hospital with injuries, killed two, including an elderly woman, in a church; the other escaped to a pub nearby but later died of injuries. France, home to Europe’s largest Muslim community, has particularly been hit by Islamist terrorism in recent years. Thursday’s incident, which occurred in the context of the controversy over satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo’s decision to republish Prophet Mohammed’s caricatures, is the latest in a series of terror attacks in the country in the last eight years that have killed more than 200. France’s agony and anger are understandable and its leaders have repeatedly said they would not give in to threats from terrorists. But the tragic reality is that jihadists continue to strike, taking innocent lives. Each time, it serves as a reminder that neither the government’s preventive measures, that include credible intelligence gathering and deradicalisation efforts, nor its combative postures work in ending this terror run. Needless to say, these attacks are driving a wedge between France’s already polarised communities, feeding into the far-right Islamophobic political narrative.

An implacable security response is an imperative of any counter-terrorism strategy. But it is important to understand the enemy. The Islamist terrorists, those who are inspired by the ideology of organisations such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, see the world as an arena of a clash of civilisations. Driven by a perverted interpretation of religion, they are ready to unleash violence against anybody who does not subscribe to their worldview. The fight against jihadists — a minuscule minority among the world’s Muslims but a potent threat to societies given their embrace of violence and a vicious ideology — should be mindful of not allowing them to sow discord on the basis of religious identities. This is the biggest challenge before the French President, Emmanuel Macron. Mr. Macron, who earlier this month said “Islam is in crisis”, should lead a united response to terrorism that does not posit French values against any belief system. The fight is for civilisational values, for democracy, secularism, freedom, and equality against radical Islamism, a medieval ideology that has equipped itself with modern weapons. It is important for the world that France wins this fight.

 

Escaped (Verb)- अनचाहे स्थान से निकल भागना; निकल जाना

To manage to get away from a place where you do not want to be; to get free

Synonyms - abscond, break out (of), clear out, flee, fly, get out, lam, run away, run off

Antonyms - abide, dwell, hang around, linger, remain, stay, stick around, tarry

come back, return

 

Controversy (Noun)- (किसी विषय पर) सार्वजनिक चर्चा और विवाद

Public discussion and disagreement about something

Synonyms - battle royal, bicker, brawl, contretemps, cross fire, disagreement, dispute,

Antonyms - accord, agreement, consensus, harmony, unanimity

 

Caricatures (Noun)- किसी व्यक्ति का हास्यजनक चित्र या वर्णन जो उसके रूप-रंग या आचरण को उपहासात्मक रूप से बढ़ा-चढ़ा कर पेश करता है; विद्रूप, व्यंग्यचित्र, उपहासचित्र

A picture or description of somebody that makes his/her appearance or behaviour funnier and more extreme than it really is

Synonyms - cartoon, farce, joke, mockery, parody, sham, travesty

Antonyms - homage, tribute




Item Weight : 590 g
Paperback : 434 pages
Publisher : GUPTA EDUTECH
Edition : 5 September 2020
Language: English

Combative (Adjective)- जुझारू

Ready or eager to fight or argue.

"he made some enemies with his combative style"

Synonyms - aggressive, agonistic, argumentative, assaultive, bellicose, belligerent, brawly,

Antonyms - nonaggressive, nonbelligerent, pacific, peaceable, peaceful, unbelligerent, uncombative, uncontentious

 

Implacable (Adjective)- संगदिल

Unable to be appeased or placated.

"he was an implacable enemy of Ted's"

Synonyms - adamant, adamantine, bullheaded, dogged, hard, hard-nosed, hardened,

Antonyms - acquiescent, agreeable, amenable, compliant, complying, flexible, pliable, pliant, relenting, yielding

 

Unleash (Verb)- दिलाने

Release (a dog) from a leash.

"they dig up badger setts and unleash terriers into them"

Synonyms - loose, loosen, release, uncork, unlock, unloose, unloosen

Antonyms - handcuff, manacle, shackle, trammel, bind, confine, enchain, fetter

halter, hamper

 

Minuscule (Adjective)- एक प्रकार का हस्तलेख

Extremely small; tiny.

"a minuscule fragment of DNA"

Synonyms - atomic, bitsy, bitty, infinitesimal, itty-bitty (or itsy-bitsy), little bitty, microminiature,

Antonyms - big, bulky, bumper, considerable, extensive, good, goodly, grand, great, gross,


Vicious (Adjective)- शातिर

deliberately cruel or violent.

"a vicious assault"

Synonyms - acute, almighty, blistering, deep, dreadful, excruciating, explosive, exquisite,

Antonyms - feeble, weak , shallow, superficial, moderated, qualified


Medieval (Adjective)- मध्यकालीन

relating to the Middle Ages.

"a medieval castle"

Synonyms - antiquated, archaic, dated, démodé, demoded, fossilized

Antonyms - contemporary, current, mod, modern, new, newfangled, new-fashioned, present-day, recent, ultramodern, up-to-date, up-to-the-minute

 


 

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